As Congress considers a new transportation authorization bill, U.S. Senator Bob Menendez (D-NJ) unveiled key principles for public transportation legislation. Menendez, joined by Senators Jack Reed (D-RI), Chuck Schumer (D-NY), Jeff Merkley (D-OR) and Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), stressed the importance of robust investment and more predictability in creating a transit network that is safe, reliable, accessible, and affordable.
“I categorically reject the idea that we can’t afford to fix our transportation system; we can’t afford not to fix it,” said Sen. Menendez, Ranking Member of the Subcommittee on Housing, Transportation, and Community Development, which has jurisdiction over transit. “Let’s stop pretending the transportation problem is going to resolve itself if we just wait long enough. Hundreds of thousands of New Jersey families and millions of Americans rely on a safe, reliable, affordable transit system, and Congress must finally accelerate on real investments and stop putting the brakes on upgrades, innovations and protections.”
“We need a transportation system that drives economic growth and helps communities thrive. Strategically investing in public transit can save families money in the long run, and it reduces congestion on our roads. It also increases economic mobility and job growth, giving people more personal flexibility and freedom to get to work, school, or wherever they need to go. Building tomorrow’s transportation system begins with hard work, careful planning, and smart investments today and these key principles offer a roadmap for making needed infrastructure improvements,” said Sen. Reed, who also serves as the Ranking Member of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development (THUD).
“Robust funding and smart policy that ensures that our transit systems remain efficient, safe, and reliable must be a key component of any transportation funding bill,” said Sen. Schumer. “As the Senate Banking Committee works toward a bipartisan bill these principles lay out some basic tenets that the bill should strive to achieve. Without additional investment transit systems across the country will continue to deteriorate, increasing the backlog of critical maintenance projects and jeopardizing the safety of transit riders.”
“By making smart investments in our transit infrastructure, we can create jobs today and build long-term economic growth in the future,” said Senator Merkley. “Oregon has been a longtime leader in innovative development projects, it’s time we incorporate more of these ideas in our national policy. Improving the reliability and efficiency of our public transportation systems is a win-win for workers, businesses, and the environment. At the same time, it makes our cities and towns better places to live, work, and raise a family.”
“A strong public transportation system is good for families, good for business and good for this country,” said Senator Warren. “A 21st Century economy requires a 21st Century transportation system.”
Sen. Menendez made the announcement at a news conference outside the New Jersey Transit rail station in Ridgewood, N.J., where residents rely on public transportation to commute to work.
“For Ridgewood commuters, having access to safe, efficient and reliable mass transit is not just important; it is a way of life,” said Mayor Paul Aronsohn. “We are therefore grateful to all that Senator Menendez is doing to promote these principles for a public transportation reauthorization bill.”
Sen. Menendez argued that transit systems have the potential to spur economic development, revitalize communities, and create new jobs. His policy framework today also received support from the leaders of the New Jersey AFL-CIO, Amalgamated Transit Union (ATU), Laborer’s International Union of North America (LiUNA), Northeast Regional Council of Carpenters, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Trainmen (BLET), Bergen County Central Labor Council, International Union of Operating Engineers (IUOE) and SMART-Transportation.
“We need a strong multi-year transportation funding bill signed into law to improve our economy and strengthen our communities,” said Charles Wowkanech, president of the New Jersey State AFL-CIO, which represents one million workers and their families. “Long-term funding allows proper planning and prioritization of our transportation needs, and creates permanent, sustainable jobs that make New Jersey a desirable location for employers and workers alike.”
“The Amalgamated Transit Union proudly stands with Senator Menendez, who recognizes the important role public transportation plays in communities across New Jersey and our country,” ATU State Council Chairman Ray Greaves said. “A long term transportation re-authorization bill will allow us to invest in and strengthen our transportation infrastructure, our mass transit system, and our workforce. It’s no secret that investment in mass transit is good for our economy and it creates jobs.”
“Once again, I commend Senator Menendez for his leadership in promoting the importance of making needed capital investments in our nation’s transportation infrastructure,” said Raymond M. Pocino, VP and Eastern Regional Mgr., Laborer’s International Union of North America. “The Senator’s policy priorities will help fund capital improvements to our region’s transit systems and enhance operational efficiencies. It is critical that we find a solution at the national and local level to fund our extensive transportation network. Without an efficient, mutli-modal transportation system we cannot grow our economy and create jobs, not only for the construction industry but all sectors of industry.”
“The passage of this bill will help New Jersey rebuild its failing infrastructure and create more opportunities for our residents to go to work,” said Northeast Regional Council of Carpenters Executive Secretary-Treasurer Michael Capelli.
“Senator Menendez is a true champion for the commuters of NJ Transit,” said Steve Burkert, General Chairman of SMART-Transportation Division Local 60, which is a member of the NJ Transit Rail Labor Coalition. “We applaud the Senator’s efforts to gain long term funding for NJ Transit. This funding will promote future growth and properly maintain current infrastructure. The safety of the passengers who ride our trains on a daily basis should never be compromised due to budgetary restraints. We stand here today in full support of Senator Menendez and his pursuit of funding the Public Transportation Reauthorization Bill.”
A download of the Principles for a Public Transportation Reauthorization Bill can be found here along with an introductory letter to Senate Banking Committee Chairman Richard Shelby (R-Ala.).
Principles for a Public Transportation Reauthorization Bill
Making Sound Investments
Principle 1: Make sound investments by funding our nation’s transit programs at $115 billion over six years, the level recommended by the President.
The greatest challenge facing our nation’s transit systems, large and small, is the lack of adequate investment. Whether it’s a large transit agency struggling to fund major capital projects, a transit provider in a growing region working to keep pace with high demand, or an urban or rural agency working to replace an aging bus fleet, all of our transit systems are experiencing the consequences of inadequate funding levels. MAP-21 included a number of provisions to streamline the transit programs, and more can still be done—but reforms alone are no replacement for adequate funding. In addition to the direct impacts, insufficient federal funding also limits transit agencies’ ability to create new jobs or to leverage private sector capital. The top priority for a new transit title must be breaking the cycle of under-investment. It’s also essential that this funding be dedicated, and that we resist efforts to cut or divert transit investment to fund other transportation needs.
Providing Predictability and Stability
Principle 2: Provide predictability and stability through a six-year authorization bill.
Transit agencies require predictability when planning for, designing, and constructing projects. Since 2009, our transit authorization has been subject to a dozen short-term extensions, in addition to the ongoing crisis of the Highway Trust Fund’s insolvency. Lurching from crisis to crisis is no way to run a railroad—or a light rail line, or a bus rapid transit system. Short-term extensions hinder transit agencies’ ability to plan and execute projects in a timely and fiscally responsible manner that best serves the traveling public. This in turn hurts private-sector job growth, whether it’s construction workers, materials suppliers, or engineering firms. A new transit title must provide stability for stakeholders and certainty for workers through a multi-year authorization.
Addressing State of Good Repair
Principle 3: Address state of good repair challenges by growing programs including State of Good Repair and Bus and Bus Facilities.
As a result of sustained underinvestment, U.S. transit systems currently face an $86 billion state of good repair backlog. These aren’t the costs to build a modern, world-class system—but rather the costs of routine maintenance and system preservation needs. According to the Department of Transportation’s Conditions and Performance report, if we were to sustain transit investment at recent levels, the state of good repair backlog would only grow larger in the years to come. This backlog hurts transit agencies of all sizes—whether it’s the rail systems whose assets account for the biggest challenge within the backlog, or the bus agencies working to replace their fleets or build new maintenance facilities. A new transit title must begin to address this challenge by increasing investment in programs targeted towards achieving a state of good repair. This must include both formula funds, which provide steady resources for transit agencies, and discretionary funds, which help address intermittent but larger-scale capital needs.
Meeting Rising Demand
Principle 4: Meet rising demand through increased investment in formula programs and Capital Investment Grants.
The demand for transit is rising, with 10.8 billion trips taken in 2014—the highest ridership in 58 years, even as gas prices fell 42.9 cents in the final quarter alone. As a result of this, growing and dense communities are working to improve existing networks and add capacity to better serve their residents. Cities and towns are developing high-quality transit in order to attract young people and a robust workforce. Communities are working to establish the reliable and affordable transit service that is essential to helping our growing elderly population age in place. Transit agencies are working to maintain services for persons with disabilities, providing an essential connection to family and access to employment. Meeting the breadth of these demands requires upkeep of current infrastructure, as well as expansion and new capacity in order to keep pace with growing ridership. A transit title must meet the needs of the growing and diverse population of transit riders.
Strengthening America’s Workforce
Principle 5: Strengthen America’s transit workforce through professional development, training, and robust worker protections.
Our transit systems rely on a professional and dedicated workforce to ensure that passengers have safe and reliable transit service. Any transit reauthorization must include increased and dedicated funding for professional development and training for both management and front-line employees. It must also sustain and strengthen protections for workers to ensure that transit professionals have a secure workplace and can focus on their job—getting the traveling public to their destination safely. It must also increase domestic content requirements for transit projects, to ensure the use of high-quality, American-made goods that support U.S. manufacturing jobs.
Creating Sustainable Communities
Principle 6: Create sustainable communities through increased incentives for transit-oriented development
Transit systems can serve as a catalyst for mixed-use, walkable communities that have diverse transportation choices, new opportunities for business, increased accessibility, and better connections to jobs. In addition to creating vibrant communities, transit-oriented development can also provide transit agencies with the opportunity to capitalize on the benefits they create through value capture and real estate development, which can yield new and flexible sources of funding. This type of smart planning and growth should be incentivized through any new transit title.
Principle 7: Build big, nationally and regionally significant projects in rural, suburban, and urban communities.
America has long been a global leader in bold, visionary transportation projects. Whether it was building the Interstate Highway System, constructing the Transcontinental Railroad, or connecting the globe through flight, the U.S. has the innovative spirit and ingenuity to build a world-class, leading-edge transportation system. However, in recent years, our unwillingness to invest has hurt this ability—and the World Economic Forum now ranks U.S. infrastructure just 12th globally. A new transit title must include investments in nationally and regionally significant projects that are too costly for any one entity or agency to take on without federal assistance. By investing in consequential projects in rural, suburban, and urban areas, we can take steps towards again building the best transportation system in the world.
Investing in Innovation
Principle 8: Invest in innovations that support safe, reliable, efficient and environmentally-friendly transit systems.
Research, development, and deployment of innovative technology allows us to build on the benefits of public transportation and train the next generation of the transportation workforce. Whether it’s new technology to make bus rapid transit more efficient, creation of consensus-based industry standards and best practices, designing the next generation of low- or no-emission vehicles, or investing in intelligent transportation systems to improve operations, developing and deploying new innovations can streamline and modernize our transit systems. Investing in research and development also helps to train the next generation of transportation professionals and ensures that our transit agencies can hire a workforce equipped for the challenges of tomorrow. Any transit title should include support for the research, development, and deployment of new technology and innovations.
Improving Disaster Response and Prevention
Principle 9: Improve disaster response by funding the Public Transportation Emergency Relief program.
Since 1956, dedicated federal aid has been available for the repair and reconstruction of highways damaged in a natural disaster. Until 2012, however, no such program existed for transit systems. Since the creation of the Public Transportation Emergency Relief program in MAP-21, no regular, dedicated funding has been provided to the program. In order to effectively respond to disasters, a transit title must provide regular, recurring funding to the program to ensure FTA’s ability to provide swift assistance when needed. The legislation must also take steps to mitigate the impacts of disasters, including improving transit system resiliency, to ensure the safety and mobility of transit riders.